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类型北京邮电大学-2017年5月学位英语真题及答案.doc

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    北京邮电 大学 2017 学位 英语 答案
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    1、2017年5月学位英语真题Part I Reading (30%)Passage 1People say that money cannot buy happiness. This was true for Howard Hughes. (76) He was one of the richest and most powerful men of his time. He had everything: good looks, success, power, and a lot of money. But he didnt have love or friendship because he

    2、couldnt buy them. All his life he used his money to control everything and everyone around him. In the end, he lost control of everything, even himself.Howard Hughes was born in 1905 in Houston, Texas. His father started the Hughes Tool Company. He was a workaholic(工作狂)and made a lot of money. He bo

    3、ught everything he wanted. He even gave money to schools so Howard could get into them. From his father, Howard learned to be a successful but merciless businessman. Hughes mother, Allene also had a big influence on his life. Howard was her only child. She protected him and gave him everything. Unfo

    4、rtunately, Allene had mental problems. (77) She was afraid of germs and diseases. She was obsessed with Howards health, and he became obsessed with it, too.Allene died when Howard was 16 years old. Two years later his father died. Hughes inherited the Hughes Tool Company. Then he married Ella Rice.

    5、He and Ella moved to Los Angeles, California. It was there that Howard Hughes began to become a legend (传奇人物). Hughes began to invest his money in movies. He became an important producer soon after he moved to California. He worked hard, but he also played hard. He became obsessed with power and con

    6、trol. When he couldnt get something legally, he gave money to politicians and businessmen so they would help him. He owned a lot of businesses, including airplane companies, a movie studio(制片厂), Las Vegas hotels, gold and silver mines, and radio and television stations. Once he bought a television s

    7、tudio so he could watch movies all night. He also bought a hotel because he wanted to stay in his favorite room for one weekend.1. According to the passage, Howard Hughes was not _. A. Good-looking B. wealthy C. friendly D. powerful2. Which of the following about Hughes father is NOT TRUE? A. He sta

    8、rted the Hughes Tool Company.B. He liked to spend money.C. He worked hard.D. He drank alcohol a lot. 3. Howard Hughes parents died _. A. When he was 16 years old B. before he was 19 years old C. after he got married D. after he moved to California4. The word obsessed in paragraph 2 probably means_.

    9、A. troubled B. reduced C. related D. informed5. From the passage, we learnt what Mr. Hughes lacked in his life was _. A. education B. love C. money D. good looksPassage 2Half of the worlds coral reefs (珊瑚礁)have died in the last 30 years. Now scientists are racing to ensure that the rest survive. Eve

    10、n if global warming were to stop right now, scientists predict that more than 90% of corals will die by 2050. If no major steps are taken to address the problem, the reefs may be headed for total extinction(灭绝).(78) The planets health depends on the survival of coral reefs. They are often described

    11、as “the rainforests of the sea”, because they provide shelter for a wide variety of sea life. In addition, the reefs serve as barriers that protect coastlines from the full force of powerful storms. Corals are used in medical research for cures to diseases. They are key to local economies as well, s

    12、ince the reefs attract tourists, the fishing industry, and other businesses, bringing in billions of dollars.(79) Corals are particularly sensitive to changes in temperature. A rise of just 1 to 2 degrees can force the corals to drive out the algae(水藻). Then the corals turn white in a process called

    13、 “bleaching”. Corals can recover from short-term bleaching, but long-term bleaching can cause permanent damage. In 1998, when sea surface temperatures were the highest in recorded history, coral reefs around the world suffered the most severe bleaching. It is estimated that even under the best of co

    14、nditions, many of these coral reefs will need decades to recover.Although reefs face other threats from pollution, industrial activities, and overfishing, it is global climate change that most concerns scientists. Scientists remain hopeful that its not too late to save the reefs, and some are moving

    15、 ahead on experiments to accomplish that goal.6. which of the following is the best title for the passage? A. Rising Global Temperatures.B. Rainforest Are in Danger.C. Coral Reefs Face Extinction.D. Global Climate Change. 7. The word address in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to _. A. break down B

    16、. stick to C. go over D. deal with 8. Why are coral reefs called “the rainforests of the sea”? A. Because they are home to a wide variety of sea life.B. Because they can protect our coasts from storms.C. Because they might supply natural medicines.D. Because they look like rainforests.9. The corals turn_

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