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类型北京邮电大学-2023年5月学位英语真题及答案.pdf

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    北京邮电 大学 2023 学位 英语 答案
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    1、2023年5月真题 Part I Reading Comprehension (30%)Directions:There are three passages in this part.Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements.For each of them there are four choices marked A,B,C and D.You should decide on the best choice and blacken the corresponding letter on the

    2、 Answer Sheet.Passage 1 Questions I to 5 are based on the following passage:Tomato is a highly popular fruit that is consumed by people across the world and is used in many foods worldwide.The plant is native to Central and South America.Currently,different varieties of tomato are grown in warm clim

    3、ates and greenhouse conditions that allow the plant to grow well throughout the year.Tomatoes are 95%of water,4%of carbohydrates(碳水化合物),and contain less than 1%of proteins and fats.They are a moderate vitamin C source.The tomato plant typically grows about 180cm above the ground.It grows in the form

    4、 of a series of branching stems.The stems are covered with short,fine hairs that turn into roots on coming in contact with the ground.Most of the plants have compound leaves(复叶)while some have simple ones.The fruit of the plant,classified as a vegetable,is the part that is consumed.The fruit bears h

    5、ollow spaces that are filled with seeds and moisture.(76)Tomatoes are consumed worldwide in different ways.They can be eaten raw in salads or used to prepare tomato soup and jam.Tomato juice is a popular drink.Since tomatoes have natural acid,it is easy to preserve tomato pastes and jams at home.In

    6、many Italian dishes,tomatoes are such that they cannot be done without.(77)In 2017,the worldwide production of tomatoes totalled 170.8 million tons.China,the leading producer of tomatoes,accounted for 31%of the total production.In China,tomatoes are widely grown in open fields and greenhouses,where

    7、the varieties that are red or pink and produce large fruits are generally preferred.India and Turkey followed with the second and third highest production of tomatoes in the world.In the European Union,tomatoes accounted for 23%of the total output of fresh vegetables in 2014.Of this,more than half w

    8、as produced in Spain,Italy,and Poland.1.According to this passage,which of the following is TRUE about the tomato plant?C.It can be grown any time in a year.D.It does not grow into A.It does not grow on the ground.B.It can be grown only in summer.branches.英语试题第-1-页共-11-页 英语试题第-2-页共-11-页 2.Tomatoes a

    9、re good to health because they A.contain little water B.are a source of vitamin C C.can be preserved as paste D.improve food taste with natural acid 3.The hairs on tomato stems A.are useless to the growth of tomato plants B.can bear fruit if watered C.become roots when touching the soil D.may have h

    10、armful acid 4.Tomato plants A.are acid in nature B.can be prepared for jams C.have empty spaces inside D.seldom grow more than two meters 5.It can be inferred that A.most Chinese like to consume yellow tomatoes B.people only use red and pink tomatoes in dishes C.Europeans import a good quantity of t

    11、omatoes every year D.dishes with tomatoes are very popular among Italians Passage 2 Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:(78)If you live in a city,how long does it take you to get to a supermarket?What about a public park,hospital,or primary school?For proponents(倡导者)of the 15-minute

    12、 city planning concept,the answer to all of those questions should be less than 15 minutes.(79)At first glance,the concept is very simple:to create neighborhoods and cities where a person can meet a lot of their basic needs via a short walk or bike ride.Exactly what defines(定义)shortvaries from place

    13、 to place.Copenhagen,for example,adopted a5 Minutes to Everythingmodel.For Melbourne the goal was 10 minutes.And while the specific time period differs,the central tenet-promoting the accessibility(可到达)of neighborhoods through designremains the same.英语试题第-3-页共-11-页 The planning model was formally pr

    14、oposed by scientist Carlos Moreno in 2016.Elements of it have been around since at least the 1960s,and it shares many of the same principles as walkable,mixed-used urban design.In French,its calledLa Ville du quart dHeure,and its in France that it was first put into practice,thanks to the support of

    15、 Anne Hidalgo,the mayor of Paris.Hidalgo made it the basis of her successful 2020 re-election campaign,saying that,I am convinced we need to transform the city so people can learn,do sports,have healthcare,shop,within 15 minutes of their home.Morenos purpose of developing the model was to change the

    16、 traditional car-focused approach in urban design.Not only,he argued,would this result in huge emissions reductions,it would also lead to more human-centric urban environments.Theres a growing body of evidence that suggests such neighborhoods promote everything from social connection to public health.Some people are concerned that this model could alter the very essence of what a modern city is.Elena Magrini,a researcher at the Center for Cities,warns this trend towards the end of big cities cou

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