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类型《实用任务型学术写作》课件Unit 11 Research Project Report.pptx

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    1、Unit Eleven Research Project ReportIn this unit you will learn how to write a research project report.课题研究报告是反映一项研究的过程及结果并将其研究对外公布的材料,是课题研究成果的重要表现形式。课题研究报告的目的是给读者展示其研究结果及价值,提供有关研究过程的实际资料,对研究过程的回顾和总结等,使读者认识到其研究是否对其有意义。课题研究报告主要分为:进度报告、实验报告和最终报告等。课题研究报告的结构包括:标题及署名、摘要与关键字、研究问题、研究方法和过程、研究结果与分析、研究结论、参考文献、

    2、附录等。但是课题研究报告的要素包括:Task Objective1.研究概括简述本课题研究的原因和研究的设计思路。2.研究方法和过程介绍本研究选用的研究方法、研究对象、资料收集和分析的方法等。3.结果与分析此部分是研究报告的核心部分,用数字、图表和材料等描述该课题研究所获得的经验和发现的规律等。4.结论和讨论研究者根据结果做出的推论和总结。撰写课题报告应注意的几个问题:1.重点应放在介绍研究方法和研究结果方面。课题研究报告的价值是以方法的科学性和可靠性为条件的,而这两者又有内在的联系,因为只有研究方法是科学的,才能保证研究结果是可靠的。2.理论观点的阐述要与材料相结合。在课题报告中怎样使自己的

    3、观点得到有力的论证,是应该关心的重要问题。3.分析讨论要实事求是,不夸大、不缩小。在下结论时要注意前提和条件,不要绝对化,不要以偏概全,不要把局部经验说成是普遍规律。Read Sample 1 and answer the questions as briefly as possible.Task Preparation 1Introduction of the reportResearch methods and processesResult and analysisConclusion and discussionIntroduction of the reportAlthough le

    4、ad-acid has been the standard battery type used in energy storage,sodium-sulfur and lithium-ion batteries are fast becoming the preferred technology.Research methods and processesElectric utility application of batteries is investigated using the least expensive and most cost-effective lithium-ion b

    5、atteries for storing large amounts of energy(on the megawatt-hour scale)and megawatt utility connected power transfer.Result and analysisA modular battery system using low-cost lithium-ion cells could help meet growing stationary energy storage demand in a safe and cost-effective manner.Conclusion a

    6、nd discussionSystem costs of a dollar per watt can be achieved using currently available technologies,providing an economic advantage over many competing grid energy storage concepts.Read Sample 2 and answer the questions.Task Preparation 21.What is the introduction of the report?2.What method was u

    7、sed in the report?3.What is the result and how to analyze it?4.What is the conclusion and discussion of the report?1.What is the introduction of the report?2.What method was used in the report?KeyThis week we will be designing a process for methanol synthesis based on ASPEN and manual calculation.Me

    8、thanol synthesis is done by the Lurgi l-Gas-Chemie GmbH process.This process is suitable for production capacities of up to 10,000 tonnes per day which falls withinthe production of 5,000 tonnes per day of methanol.3.What is the result and how to analyze it?4.What is the conclusion and discussion of

    9、 the report?Methanol production poses many environmental concerns some of which include condensation of excess methanol,fugitive emissions from methanol storage tanks and pipe leaks which are known to be harmful to the environment.Based on the accomplishing result,we will be able to calculate the to

    10、tal amount of dry coal necessary in the overall process including the gasifier,water-gas shift,acid gas removal,and methanol synthesis processes.Read Sample 3 and judge whether the statements are true or false.Task Preparation 31.This study tries to learn about the resources needed and the barriers

    11、to performing scholarly work during residency.()2.There were 138 internal medicine residents taking part in the 2002 American College of PhysiciansAmerican Society of Internal Medicine annual session.()3.Seventy-three percent residents completed the questionnaire in this study.()4.Research skills is

    12、 an important factor that enables residents to be successful.()TTFF Practice these patterns and expressions often used in writing a report.1.1 研究概括研究概括:一般现在时、一般过去时、一般现在时、一般过去时、将来时将来时1)The purpose of this project is to conduct collaborative research to evaluate and maximize the effectiveness of perme

    13、able reactive barriers(PRBs)with a broad-based working group including representatives from the U.S.Department of Energy(DOE),U.S.Department of Defense(DOD),and the U.S.Environmental Protection Agency(EPA).2)The main purpose of this report is to create a marketing plan for Beaufords hospitality orga

    14、nization.3)The acquisition of expository writing skills is becoming increasingly important for Singaporean students as the assessment system shifts from examinations that emphasize accurate knowledge recall to examination questions that require evaluative skills and sustaining of a personal point of

    15、 view.4)The report explores the role of imitation in learning object affordances.Since I intend to experiment with a robotic arm enabling only pushing objects,properties of objects will be the main factor affecting the overall complexity of this“toy world.”Learning in the toy world is a process of d

    16、iscovering objects affordances,as well as the kinds of actions and goals related to them.5)This project is funded through DOEs Office of Science and Technology,SCFA(TTP number ORO-9-SS-30).6)The theoretical framework of the study is a socio-cognitive framework that draws on two theoretical perspectives on writing.7)The specific objectives are to evaluate geochemical and hydraulic performance of PRBs,develop guidelines for hydraulic and geochemical characterization/monitoring.8)In order to confid

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